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ISSN 1028-821X (Online)
ISSN 2415-3400 (Print)

Particularities of the influence of electromagnetic field mediated by water on wheat seeds

Kovalenko, OI
Organization: 

O. Ya. Usikov Institute for Radiophysics and Electronics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
12, Proskura st., Kharkov, 61085, Ukraine

E-mail: Kovalenko-ire@ukr.net

https://doi.org/10.15407/rej2018.03.065
Language: russian
Abstract: 

 

Subject and purpose. Particularities of the targeted modification of functionals of the wheat seeds state by irradiation with a low-intensity electromagnetic field (EF) were investigated.

The aim of the work was to investigate the effectiveness of low-intensity electromagnetic field mediated by water on wheat seeds depending on their initial state, evaluated statistically as “norm” and “pathology”, and to study the possibility of functional reconstruction of the wheat seeds with the “pathology” state.

Methods and methodology. The work is experimental. Approved radio-physical, radio-technical, biological methods and techniques were used in this work. Generators Г4-141 (37.5…53.57 GHz) and Г4-142 (53.57…78.33 GHz) were used for electromagnetic field irradiation. Efficiency of the electromagnetic field influence was evaluated using functionals of the seed state: energy of growing, average length of roots and seedlings in each portion. Statistical methods were used in the processing and the analysis of the obtained results.

Results of work. The possibility of a targeted modification of the functional parameters of wheat seeds upon their interaction with water, previously irradiated with EF, was established. Differences in the effectiveness of the water-mediated influence of EF depending on the frequency and exposure of the signal were shown. We found the dependence of biological reaction of the wheat seeds on the electromagnetic field irradiation mediated by water. The reaction depends on the initial state of the seeds: those in the “norm” state get oppressed, while those in the “pathology” state are stimulated. The application of water-mediated electromagnetic field influence on wheat seeds in the “pathology” state was shown to be promising for restoring of the lost functional properties. Efficient regimes of electromagnetic field influence mediated by water were established.

Conclusion. Water-dissipative model of the electromagnetic field interaction with substance was confirmed. Method of the electromagnetic field influence mediated by water on wheat seeds was proposed. It allows stimulating their lost properties, which is promising for development of agricultural technologies.

Keywords: electromagnetic field, mediated influence, water, wheat seeds

Manuscript submitted 02.05.2018
PACS: 87.50.U-
Radiofiz. elektron. 2018, 23(3): 65-76
Full text (PDF)

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