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ISSN 2415-3400 (Online)
ISSN 1028-821X (Print)

Radiometer calibration upon relative measurements of sky brightness temperature at different elevation angles

Kabanov, VA


O. Ya. Usikov Institute for Radiophysics and Electronics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
12, Proskura st., Kharkov, 61085, Ukraine

E-mail: kabanov@ire.kharkov.ua

Language: russian


Subject and Purpose. One of the relevant areas of remote sensing of the environment is the development of microwave methods of passive sensing of the atmosphere. The biggest challenge occurring in radiometric measurements is measuring system calibration. The reason lies in the lack of external calibration elements whose brightness temperatures are known with a high accuracy. The paper deals with the method for determining the sky brightness temperature by relative measurements at different elevation angles. The brightness temperatures refined in the way fit for radiometric system calibration.

Methods and Methodology. Basically, the approach is governed by the dependence of the atmospheric brightness temperature on the elevation angle in terms of the plane-layered isothermal atmospheric model. The measurements rely on a three-centimeter radiometric system having a horn-reflector antenna combined with the MPL-1 weather radar, the entire range of elevation angles being accessible. Besides, a combined setup of two, 10 GHz and 36 GHz, radiometers is involved for measurements from a building window.

Results. The previously proposed methodology for radiometric system calibration against the sky temperature obtained by relative measurements at different elevation angles has been analyzed and tested. The calibration possibility has been examined in the case that zenith measurements are unavailable. 

Conclusion. The proposed method for getting sky temperatures upon relative measurements at different elevation angles significantly increases accuracy of radiometric system calibration and extends a range of weather conditions admitting calibration of the kind. It has been shown that the radiometric system calibration against the sky temperature is possible even with zenith measurements excluded.

Keywords: brightness temperature, calibration, radiometer, relative measurements

Manuscript submitted 17.09.2019
PACS: 92.60.H-, 92.60.if, 92.60.Ta, 93.85.-q
Radiofiz. elektron. 2020, 25(2): 22-28
Full text (PDF)

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