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ISSN 2415-3400 (Online)
ISSN 1028-821X (Print)

Additional radar signature for waterborne object recognition

Gorobets’, VM, Golovko, MI, Zotov, SM, Kovorotny, LO

O.Ya. Usikov Institute for Radiophysics and Electronics of the NASU
12, Acad. Proskury St., Kharkiv, 61085, Ukraine
E-mail: vgorobets777@gmail.com

Language: ukranian

Subject and Purpose. The article is devoted to the radio recognition of moving waterborne objects (sea-going ships). The problem lies in the lack of radar signatures, which is especially true for coherent radar in continuous mode, implying that more signatures for the waterborne object recognition is highly needed. An additional signature can be gained just by means of a simple mathematical processing of target reflection signals. This is particularly important for radio recognition systems in current use because this will hardly complicate the system structure. Hence, it will not affect its cost either.

Methods and Methodology. The method developed for the retrieval of an additional radar signature characteristic of waterborne objects moving across a rough sea surface is based on a simple mathematical processing of a signal reflected from the moving waterborne object and taken from the phase output of coherent radar. The method approbation is by the mathematical modeling of signals at the phase detector output in the event of three waterborne objects such that have identical scattering cross sections but different periods of the side and keel vibrations.

Results. Based on the mathematical modeling results, it has been shown that each of the local scattering centers keeps the ratio of the linear speeds of side and keel vibrations approximately the same for the same object. But the employed ratio takes different values for different objects.

Conclusion. Having a single standard coherent radar in continuous mode and guided by the developed methodology, one can gain an additional signature for the target recognition, which is a ratio of the linear speeds of side and keel vibrations of the target. The suggested methodology can be used for the radio recognition of waterborne objects moving across a rough sea surface.

Keywords: keel vibration, radar, recognition, side vibration, waterborne object

Manuscript submitted 16.09.2021
Radiofiz. elektron. 2021, 26(4): 16-21
Full text (PDF)

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